Malaysia's Jan palm oil stocks ease from highest on record

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KUALA LUMPUR (Feb 11): Malaysia's palm oil inventories in January eased back from a near two-decade high at end-December, as demand increased amid falling production, official data showed on Monday, although the stocks still hovered just above 3 million tonnes. 

January stocks in Malaysia, the world's second-largest palm oil producer and exporter, declined for the first time in eight months, falling 6.7% to 3.001 million tonnes, data from the Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB) showed. 

December's mark at 3.22 million tonnes was the highest ever in data going back 20 years. 

Declines in the stockpiles could help boost benchmark palm oil prices, which have already edged up in January and February from three-year lows touched at end-2018. 

Palm oil was down 0.7% at 2,274 ringgit (US$558.70) a tonne at midday break on Monday. 

The inventory decline was attributed to a sharper-than-expected jump in exports, said traders. 

The MPOB data showed exports jumping to 1.68 million tonnes in January, up 21.2% from December. The levels are their strongest since August 2016. 
 
"Major destination markets picked up the pace in demand. For example, China demand rose ahead of the Lunar New Year. Demand also rose on cheaper prices," said a Kuala Lumpur-based trader.

He said the strong demand trend is unlikely to continue in February, given the ringgit's strength. 

The ringgit, palm's currency of trade, has gained 0.6% against the dollar since the start of the month, making palm oil more expensive for holders of foreign currencies. 

Palm output in January, meanwhile, eased 3.9% to 1.74 million tonnes from the previous month, falling a third straight month to its lowest since August, although dropping at a slower pace than forecast. 

Production of palm oil, used in a variety of consumer goods items from cooking oil to soap and lipstick, typically declines in the first quarter of the year. 

"Production is not falling as per the expected pace," said Anilkumar Bagani, research head for commodities at Mumbai-based broker Sunvin Group. 
 
"Producers were delaying production for the last two months, when prices were on the decline, but then started to produce more as prices recovered," he said. 

A Reuters survey had forecast palm oil's end-January stockpiles to fall 4.7% to 3.07 million tonnes, while production was forecast to fall 10.9% to 1.61 million tonnes. Exports were forecast to gain 12.4% to 1.56 million tonnes. 

The following is a breakdown of the Malaysian Palm Oil Board figures and Reuters estimates for January: 
        
(volumes in tonnes)

  Jan 2019 Jan 2019 poll Jan 2018 Dec 2018
Output 1,737,498 1,610,500 1,586,653 1,808,038
Stocks 3,001,169 3,065,037 2,548,704 3,216,476*
Exports 1,676,442 1,555,000 1,472,666 1,383,307
Imports 81,084 75,000 34,825 108,621

*denotes revised figures     
 (US$1 = 4.0700 ringgit)